Fiesta Not Part of Mexico’s Auto Export Party as NAFTA, 232 Review Lay Ahead — Panjiva
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Fiesta Not Part of Mexico’s Auto Export Party as NAFTA, 232 Review Lay Ahead

Cons. Discr. - Autos 661 Mexico 505 Tariffs 1169 Trade Deals 702 U.S. 3297 USMCA 373

Mexican automotive exports surged 13.4% higher in June, Panjiva analysis of AMIA data shows, making the 20th straight month of growth and bringing the second quarter to a 19.6% improvement. That’s been supported in part by strong demand in the U.S. market where sales of imported vehicles climbed 12.9% on a year earlier, as outlined in Panjiva research of July 2.

DRIVING AHEAD

Chart shows Mexican exports of cars and light trucks on a monthly (dotted) and quarterly average (solid) basis. Calculations based on AMIA data. Note figures since January 2016 exclude Nissan. Source: Panjiva

That’s been driven by a 22.9% surge in exports by General Motors, likely reflecting success for its light trucks including the Silverado, Sierra and Terrain models, capping a 50.5% improvement for the quarter. A doubling of exports by Mazda and 26.9% rise in shipments by Toyota were the next largest and suggests the slowdown seen in Japanese exports seen in May could have continued. Ford’s 15.4% reduction likely reflects the start of its shift to take small car production to China rather than Mexico ahead of an increase in electric vehicle output.

THE GENERAL LEADS

Chart segments Mexican car and light truck exports by manufacturer. Bubble size indicates total exports in the past three months. Calculations based on AMIA data. Source: Panjiva

The downturn in exports from Ford can be seen in the decline in its shipments of both mid-sized (45.0% lower in May 31, worth $4.29 billion million in the past 12 months) and small engined vehicles (down 17.3%, or $779 millions), Panjiva data shows. With 88.8% of exports going to the U.S. Ford may have bigger problems with the renegotiations of NAFTA and America’s section 232 review.

FORD SLOWING DOWN

Chart segments exports passenger vehicles from Mexico by Ford Motor according to engine capacity (HS-6). Source: Panjiva

Clarity on both risks may arrive by October. On NAFTA negotiations the incoming Mexican Economics Minister, Graciela Márquez has indicated a deal is possible by October via a “NAFTA-lite” that would only complete a limit set of reviews, the Financial Times reports. Initial results for the section 232 review could come by the time of the midterm elections.

In terms of the major automakers Mazda and Volkswagen’s Mexican operations are least exposed to the U.S. market (40.6% and 56.3% of exports in the past 12 months respectively) while Chrysler (75.7%), General Motors (77.8%) and Nissan (85.9%) are the most exposed after Ford.

VW, AUDI AND MAZDA MINIMIZE AMERICAN EXPOSURE

Chart segments exports passenger vehicles from Mexico by shipper and destination for the 12 months to May 31, denominated in dollars. Source: Panjiva

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